What are Common Diseases in The Dark Ages?

In the Dark Ages, many diseases were not commonly known. Some of these diseases include smallpox, measles, and bubonic plague. Smallpox was a very fatal disease and almost everyone who got it died. Measles was also a very deadly disease and caused fever, rash, and coughing. Bubonic plague was a very deadly disease and caused swelling in the lymph nodes.

The Dark Ages were a time of great poverty and scarcity, which led to many diseases going untreated. Diseases such as the Black Death, which killed a third of Europe’s population in the mid-14th century, were rampant during this time. Several diseases commonly afflicted people during the Dark Ages, and have since been identified and treated.

Common Diseases in The Dark Ages

The Dark Ages were a time when people didn’t have many diseases. Some of the diseases that were common in the Dark Ages include:

  • Smallpox,
  • Tuberculosis,
  • Measles,
  • Mumps, and
  • Whooping cough.

The world before modern medicine was a dangerous place. Diseases would commonly ravage people, often killing them quickly. Seven of the most common diseases in the pre-modern era are now considered to be rare.

Here’s a look at each one and what caused them: 

1) Smallpox:

This virus is believed to have originated in Africa and spread through contact with infected animals. It is a highly contagious disease that can cause severe skin rashes, fever, and death. The prevalence of smallpox decreased significantly after the development of vaccination techniques in the 18th century. Today, smallpox is only found in regions where there is no effective vaccination program in place.

2) Tuberculosis:

This lung infection was well known and feared for centuries due to its deadly effects. Symptoms can include coughing up blood, fever, chest pain, and weight loss.

3) Measles:

This was a highly contagious disease that caused severe fever and rash. It was most commonly spread through coughing and sneezing. Although it had been known for centuries, it was only in the 18th century that a vaccine was developed to help prevent its spread.

4) Mumps:

This is another highly contagious virus that causes fever, headache, neck stiffness, muscle aches, and vomiting. It is most commonly spread through saliva or mucus from the mouth or nose. Unfortunately, mumps can also be contracted through close contact with an infected person such as kissing or sharing food utensils.

5) Whooping cough:

This was so common in the Dark Ages that it was sometimes called “the great scourge of Europe”. It is believed to have killed as many as half a million people during the Middle Ages. Today, thanks to improved healthcare and vaccines, whooping cough is relatively rare in developed countries. However, it remains a problem in developing countries where lack of access to clean water and sanitation can create conditions that promote its spread.

Scientists have long known that certain diseases are more common in the dark ages. For example, measles is a very common disease in the pre-vaccine era and was responsible for many deaths. Mumps is also common in this period, as it is caused by a virus. Whooping cough is also a major problem in this period, as it can be deadly if not treated properly.