What Are Common Interesting Pediatric Diseases and How Do They Present?


Pediatric diseases can be very common, yet children with these conditions also have specific needs regarding their healthcare. The diagnoses of these diseases may not be immediately recognizable by parents. However, as a pediatrician, I’m going to explain some of the commonly occurring diseases that affect kids and how they present themselves. This can help parents better understand what is happening with their child, so they can work together with the healthcare team to get their child healthy again.

What Are Common Interesting Pediatric Diseases and How Do They Present?

Well, pediatric diseases are like any other disease. Each has its symptoms, causes, and treatments. Pediatric diseases are tricky. They can be difficult to diagnose, and they can be hard to treat. But the good news is that there are some common pediatric diseases that you can spot right away.

Here are some common pediatric diseases and how they present to the doctor:


This is an inherited bleeding disorder that affects males and females equally. It is caused by a gene mutation that prevents blood from clotting properly. Hemophiliacs can bleed for as long as four days after receiving a small cut or bruise. They also bruise more easily than other people do because of the lack of platelets in their blood.


This is a type of cancer that affects muscle tissue. It is often found in children between the ages of 2 and 8 years old and can cause:

  • Pain in the arm or leg,
  • Weight loss,
  • Difficulty swallowing or breathing,
  • Swelling around the neck or chest area (which may be called a collarbone).

Rhabdomyosarcoma treatment involves surgery followed by chemotherapy/radiation therapy.

Asthma symptoms: Wheezing, coughing, and tightness in the chest

Diabetes mellitus: High blood glucose levels

Ear infections: Pain while clearing the ear canal

Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA): Arthritis in young children

The first thing you should know is that most pediatric diseases are caused by.

Pediatric diseases can be confusing for a lot of people, and that can be especially true when it comes to the common ones. We’re going to go over some of the most common pediatric illnesses and how they present, along with some tips on how to make sure you’re getting the right care!

The first thing you should know is that most pediatric diseases are caused by viruses or bacteria. The most common types of pediatric illnesses are either viral or bacterial.

Viral infections include:

  • Chickenpox
  • Mumps
  • Shingles
  • Influenza
  • Measles

Bacterial infections include:

  • Strep throat
  • Ear infections.

Most pediatric diseases will be viral or bacterial, but certain conditions are caused by both viruses and bacteria (such as listeriosis). If a child has an infection that’s not clear as either viral or bacterial in origin, then it’s usually best to consult with a doctor who knows what they’re doing before making any decisions about treatment options.

Most pediatric illnesses won’t cause any symptoms.

Most pediatric illnesses won’t cause any symptoms until later on in their course they’ll only start showing up once things have gotten worse than usual for your child’s body.

1. Pneumonia

Pneumonia is an infection in the lungs caused by bacteria. It can be caused by viruses, germs that are breathed in by other people, or even by inhaling unsanitary objects. Pneumonia symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and muscle pain.

2. Ear Infections

Ear infections are very common among children and infants. They’re also one of the most common reasons for a visit to the doctor’s office. The main symptom of an ear infection is pain or discomfort in your ear canal or eardrum. Common symptoms include:

  • Redness
  • Swelling around the affected area
  • Hearing loss if left untreated long enough (usually less than six weeks).

3. Asthma

  • Asthma is a condition in which airways narrow down due to inflammation within them
  • Making it difficult for air to flow through them properly
  • This leads to wheezing sounds when breathing out loudly as well as coughing spells caused by spasms in your brain.


Pediatric diseases are numerous, fascinating, and complicated. Whether it be a disease of the liver, the digestive system, the respiratory system, or even skin diseases, pediatric conditions are uniquely challenging due to their youth and immaturity. These unique factors create several difficulties for parents as well as pediatricians treating these patients; explaining to them any complex issue can be very difficult. Diagnosing the pediatric disease is also not an easy task because there are several different types of pediatric disorders. Accurately identifying diseases among young patients is important so that they can be targeted with the right treatment plan immediately.