Tick-borne diseases are a real concern in the Northeast U.S. and can cause serious health issues if left untreated. This guide is designto help you understand the ticks that pose a threat to your health and how to identify and treat tick-borne diseases.
Tick-borne Diseases in the Northeast U.S.: Causes and Symptoms.
Tick-borne diseases can cause physical and emotional injuries. Victims of tick-borne diseases may develop symptoms such as fever, rash, severe headache, blurred vision, muscle aches, and diarrhea. Some people also experience a variety of other health problems after being infect with a tick.
• Eye disease:
In some cases, ticks can spread the eye virus (eg., Lyme disease) to humans. Neurologic damage caused by the virus can lead to blindness or even total loss of sight in some cases.
• Nasalgua infection:
A Tick-borne Disease that is often confuse with SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome), this condition is a serious respiratory illness cause by the Ehrlichia Coli bacterium. The illness can be fatal if not treated quickly. It affects the nose and mouth and can cause fever, chills, headache, shortness of breath, chest pain, difficulty breathing, and nausea.
• Rocky Mountain spotted Fever:
This Tick-borne Disease is usually diagnose in children who have been traveling in warm climates where they were expose to tarantulas (the species that causes Rocky Mountain spot fever). The disease can also be find in adults who are bitten by an infect spider. Symptoms include body aches and a rapid heart rate; however, it is less severe than other tick-borne diseases.
• Encephalitis due to the PDF (Epstein–Barr Virus):
This Tick-borne Disease is associate with extreme inflammation of the brain and spinal cord from contact with saliva or blood from an infected person or animal. Symptoms may include seizures, coma, visual impairment, dementia or even death!
What Are the Symptoms of Tick-borne Diseases?
The symptoms of tick-borne diseases vary depending on which type of tick afflicts someone there are three main types of ticks that affect humans:
- Ixodes scapularis (southern red oak ticks),
- Amblyomma americanum (western black Widow ticks),
- Amblyomma antirrhopus (eastern longline ticks).
The symptoms of these infections depend on how close you come into contact with the tick while it’s attached to someone else whether you’re bitten while it’s attached to another person’s skin or when you touch its fur during its travel from one place to another.
Some common symptoms associated with tick-borne diseases include:
- Body aches and pain
- Loss of appetite
- Increased urination
- Increased sleep time
- Memory difficulties
- Changes in moods or behavior
In addition to these common symptoms, some people may also experience other health problems such as eye infections including:
- Lyme disease and SARS/severe acute respiratory syndrome)
- Nasalgua infections including Rocky Mountain spotted Fever and encephalitis due to the PDF (Epstein–Barr Virus)
- Eukaryotic meningitis including meningococcal sepsis.
How to Protect Yourself from Tick-borne Diseases.
Wearing sunscreen and taking antiparasitic drugs can help protect you from tick-borne diseases. Sunscreen blocks exposure to sunlight and can also provide protection from malaria and other tick-borne infections. If you’re sleeping in bed, cover yourself with light sleepwear so you don’t expose your skin to the sun. For more information on protecting yourself from tick-borne diseases, consult a doctor or health care provider.
Cover the Body When Sleeping.
Covering the body when you sleep helps reduce exposure to ticks and other parasites that may be spread during the night. Sleeping outside in the open air is also not safe for people who are bitten by ticks or have an illness related to a tick bite (e.g., Lyme disease).
Wash Your Hands Often.
Wash your hands often and frequently enough will prevent you from becoming infected with Tick-borne Diseases, while keeping you healthy overall. Wetting your hands before touching anything will also help keep any potential pathogens away from your skin. Be sure to wash your hands thoroughly after using the bathroom, handling money, or handling feces!
Tips for preventing Tick-borne Diseases.
Tick-borne diseases are caused by the tick, Ixodes scapularis. To prevent infection, it is important to get a Tick-borne Disease vaccine. This vaccine helps protect you from contracting the disease when you become infected with the tick. It’s also important to cover your nose and mouth when you sneeze and cough and to avoid overcrowding and quarreling.
If you develop an illness after getting a Tick-borne Disease vaccine, see your doctor as soon as possible. The doctor can test you for the disease and provide treatment if you have it.
Tick-borne diseases are a serious threat to both the public and businesses in the Northeast U.S. It is important to be aware of the symptoms of these diseases and take precautions to prevent them from happening. By getting a tick-borne disease vaccine, covering your nose and mouth when you sneeze and cough, avoiding Crowding and Quarrelling, and practicing safe tick-keeping practices, you can protect yourself and your business from potential harm.